Urinary incontinence covers all cases of involuntary leakage of urine, no matter what the amount. Causes of urinary incontinence and risk factors;
I. Old age
II. Child birth
IV. Hereditary Factors
VII. Chronic Illnesses
Types of Urinary Incontinence
a) Functional Incontinence: The bladder is functional and structurally normal; it affects people with cognitive and psychological problems such as dementia, depression and delirium who are not able to control their continence skills, or due to a reduced ability to go to the bathroom on time due to restricted mobility that comes with orthopedic problems.
b) Stress incontinence: It refers to a kind of incontinence where the abdominal pressure exceeds the urethral sphincter closing pressure due to a loosening of the pelvic floor muscles, causing small, involuntary leak of urine when coughing, laughing, sneezing etc.
c) Urge incontinence: Urge incontinence occurs when one has a sudden urge to urinate due to detrusor overactivity.
d) Overflow incontinence: Increased bladder volume and intravesical pressure due to a deteriorated bladder wall contraction or loosening of the sphincter create mechanical pressure, leading to constant leak of urine.
e) Mixed incontinence: It refers to urine leak due to a combined effect of stress and urge incontinence.
Note: All information provided above is for information purposes only and should not be used as medical advice.